Stephen Hawking, born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, was a brilliant English theoretical physicist, author, educator, cosmologist, and renowned scientist. He gained worldwide recognition for his groundbreaking research in the fields of “Black Holes” and “Relativity.” Hawking held the prestigious position of a mathematics professor at Cambridge University, where he made significant contributions to the field.
Biography, Parents, Siblings & Education
Stephen William Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England. At the time of his passing on 14 March 2018, he was 76 years old. His father, Frank Hawking, worked as a Research Biologist in a laboratory, and his mother, Isobel Hawking, was a Medical Research Secretary.
There are four siblings in his family, including him, consisting of two younger sisters named Philippa and Mary. His brother Edward was adopted by their parents. His education commenced at the Byron House School in Highgate, London.
From childhood, he experienced physical disabilities that made his school life challenging. Due to incessant mockery from his peers, he made the difficult decision to leave his previous school. Subsequently, he enrolled at St. Albans High School for Girls, where he studied for a brief period. Afterward, he joined the Radlett School until September 1952.
Afterward, he enrolls at St Albans School in England, where he completes his primary education. He exhibits remarkable intelligence in his studies, leading his parents to desire his attendance at Westminster School. However, the fees for this school prove to be quite steep.
Stephen’s parents were not financially strong so they drop their decision and Hawking still studies in the same school for his education.
At the young age of 17 in October 1959, he showcased remarkable intelligence in mathematics, earning him a scholarship to University College, Oxford. Despite this achievement, he experienced profound loneliness during his time in college. As he progressed to his second year, he discovered a newfound passion for music and science. Eventually, he decided to pursue Cosmology and transferred to Cambridge University to pursue his degree.
During his final year of graduate studies, he formulates the Big Bang Theory and the Steady State theory. Upon completing his education, he successfully earns a Ph.D. degree in Mathematics and Physics, and also pursues a degree in cosmology.
Physical Stats, How tall, Appearance & More
Stephen Hawking was approximately 5 feet 6 inches tall and weighed around 137 lbs. He had blue eyes and light brown hair.
He had a physical disability that’s why he always used a wheelchair. Even he was physical disable but his mental ability was so strong.
Personal Life, Girlfriend, Spouse & Children
Stephen Hawking met his girlfriend at a party in 1962, and they fell in love, dating for two years. He married his first wife, Jane Wilde, on 14th July 1965, and they welcomed their first child, Robert Hawking, in May 1967.
Two years later, in November 1969, Stephen became the father of his second child, a baby girl named “Lucy.” Then, in April 1979, his third child Timothy was born. Stephen works as a reader at Cambridge University.
As he matured, his physical disability progressively worsened, necessitating round-the-clock care. He hired a nurse named Elaine Mason, with whom he developed a close bond. Eventually, he divorced his first wife, Jane, and married Elaine Mason in September 1995.
This relationship is not going so far and the couple broke the relationship in the year 2006. After that, he has a quit relationship with his ex-wife Jane.
|Quick Info & Wiki|
|Full Real Name||Stephen William Hawking.|
|Stage Name||Einstein and Stephen .|
|Profession||English theoretical physicist, author, educator, cosmologist, and scientist.|
|Famously Known as||for his research in “Black Holes” and “Relativity”.|
|Birthday (DOB)||8 January 1942.|
|Date of death||14 March 2018.|
|Age (at the time of death)||76 years old.|
|Place of Birth||Oxford, Oxford shire, England.|
|Place of Death||Cambridge, England.|
|Gay or Lesbian||No.|
|Social Media Profiles||N/A.|
|Parents||Father: Frank Hawking.
Mother: Isobel Hawking.
|Siblings||Brother: Edward (adopted).
Sisters: Philippa and Mary.
|Physical Stats & More|
|Height||Feet & Inches: 5′ 6″.
Centimeters: 169 cm.
Meters: 1.69 m.
|Weight||Kilograms: 62 Kg.
Pounds: 137 lbs.
|Hair Color||Light Brown.|
|Wife||1. Jane Wilde (1965-1995).
2. Elaine Mason (1995-2006).
|Son||1. Robert Hawking (May 1967).
2. Timothy Hawking (April 1979).
|Daughter||1. Lucy Hawking (November 1969).|
|School||Byron House School in Highgate, London.
St Albans High School for Girls.
St Albans School, England.
|Alma Mater||University College, Oxford.
|• Adams Prize in1966.
• Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1974.
• Albert Einstein Award in 1978.
• Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1982.
• Dirac Medal in 1987.
• Wolf Prize in 1988.
• Royal Companion of the Honor (CH) in 1989.
• Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009.
• Fundamental Physics Prize in 2012.
• BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in 2015.
|Net worth (approx.)||$25 million US dollars (As of 2018).|
Career & Net worth
The renowned scientist commenced his career in 1966 by formulating a theorem on singularity, encompassing a universe theory concerning singularities in stars. In 1968, he took part in the Gravity Research Foundation competition, where his research emerged as one of the runner-up submissions.
In 1969, he confidently presented his theory of relativity, despite others initially dismissing it as useless. However, his unwavering belief in the theory drove him to provide compelling evidence, demonstrating how it harmoniously explained the workings of the universe and seamlessly integrated into various models. Eventually, his remarkable contributions earned him the prestigious fellowship for Distinction in Science.
In 1970, Stephen revolutionized the field of physics with his groundbreaking invention, the “Law of Black Hole Dynamics.” Collaborating closely with esteemed physicists James M. Bardeen and Brandon Carter, Stephen postulated that the horizon of black holes can never decrease in size. This landmark discovery fundamentally transformed our understanding of these enigmatic cosmic entities.
Among Stephen’s remarkable achievements was the formulation of the “No-Hair Theorem,” a theory deeply intertwined with the creation and properties of black holes. Through this theorem, he revealed that black holes possess only a few fundamental characteristics, simplifying their complex nature and paving the way for further advancements in black hole research. Stephen’s exceptional contributions to the study of black holes continue to resonate within the scientific community, shaping the course of astrophysics for generations to come.
In 1973, he commenced his groundbreaking research on quantum gravity, eventually establishing himself as a renowned scientist. In 1974, he made a momentous discovery, revealing the emission of radiation from black holes, now famously known as “Hawking radiation.” His contributions earned him the prestigious title of Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS). During the same year, he assumed the esteemed position of professor at the California Institute of Technology.
In 1975, Stephen assumes the role of a gravity physics reader at Cambridge University. His expertise on black holes leads to numerous appearances in interviews. Later, he rises to the prestigious position of Lucasian Professor for mathematics at the University of Cambridge. In 1981, Stephen makes a groundbreaking discovery that black holes continuously evaporate and eventually disappear. This revelation sparks the Black Hole War, a heated debate involving prominent physicists Leonard Susskind and Gerard ‘t Hooft.
Hawking and his friend Gary Gibbons organized a Nuffield Workshop in 1982 at Cambridge University. He writes so many popular books based n science and the universe.
Books & Television Series written by Stephen Hawking
|A Brief History of Time (1988).|
|Brief Answers of the Big Questions (2018).|
|The Theory of Everythings (2004).|
|The Grand Design (2010).|
|The Universe is a Nutshell (2001).|
|A Briefer History of Time (2005).|
|Black Holes and Baby Universe (1993).|
|George’s Secret Key to the Universe (2007).|
|My Brief History (2013).|
|God Created the Integers (2005).|
|On the Shoulders of Giants (2002).|
|The Nature of Space and Time (1996).|
|George’s Cosmic Treasure Hunt (2009).|
|George and the Big Bang (2011).|
|The Illustrated a Brief History of Time (1988).|
|The Large Scale Structure of Space-time (1973).|
|Is the End in Sight for the Theoretical Physics? (1980).|
|Brief History/Universe BindUp International-PROP-EXP (2017).|
|George and the Unbreakable Code (2014).|
|George and the Blue Moon (2016).|
|Properties of Expanding Universes (2017).|
|The Future of Spacetime (2002).|
|General Relativity; an Einstein Centenary Survey (1979).|
|The Dreams That Stuff is made of (2011).|
|Hawking on the big bang and black holes (1993).|
|Unlocking the Universe.|
|Life in the Universe (1995).|
|Computer Resources for People with Disabilities (1994).|
In 2007, Stephen collaborated with his daughter Lucy to create a children’s book titled “George’s Secret Key to the Universe.” This captivating book featured special characters and enchanting images, designed to engage young readers. Notably, Stephen’s name was honored in the esteemed list of 100 Greatest Britons by the BBC.
Stephen Hawking has earned a fortune and his Net worth is around $25 million as in 2018.
In 2017, when the Breakthrough Initiatives were being prepared for launch, Stephen Hawking was deeply committed to supporting this ambitious project. During this time, he also produced the documentary “Expedition New Earth.” Hawking’s groundbreaking theory on black holes posited that any information entering them would be irretrievably lost, sparking intense scientific discussions.
Tragically, Stephen Hawking passed away in March 2018. However, his intellectual legacy endured, and his final paper on “High Energy Physics” was published posthumously on April 27, 2018. Hawking’s contributions to science and his unwavering dedication to advancing human knowledge continue to inspire and influence the scientific community and beyond.
On 14 March 2018, the great legend and scientist died due to chronic illness. He was in his hometown Cambridge, England at the time of death.
Some Hidden Facts about Stephen Hawking
- His zodiac sign was Capricorn.
- Stephen holds the American Nationality.
- His family went to St. Albans when he was 8 years old.
- Hawking designed Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) in 1963 at the age of 21.
- He gets a program of a computer named “Equalizer” from Walter Woltsoz.
- He was honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in the white house by the president of America “Brack Obama” on 12 August 2009.
- In the year 1960, Stephen Hawking’s full body is physically disabled.
- His hands stopped working in 2005 and then he uses his muscles of cheeks for controlling the communication device.
- He invented so many formulas in maths.
- Hawking’s hobbies were listening to classical music, reading books based on science, and giving motivation lectures.
- His favorite movie was Jules and Jim.